Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie

Leitung, Sekretariat

PD Dr. Tobias Krieger

Leitender Psychologe (Co-Leitung) und wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter

Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie

PTP: +41 31 631 54 06
Universität Bern
Institut für Psychologie
Fabrikstrasse 8
3012 Bern

Psychotherapeutische Praxisstelle (PTP)
Universität Bern
Gesellschaftsstrasse 49
3012 Bern


  • Co-Leitung Psychotherapeutische Praxisstelle (PTP)
  • Klinischer Mitarbeiter
  • Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter
  • Lehre


  • European Comparative Effectiveness Research on Internet-based Depression Treatment (E-COMPARED)
  • Integrating Technology into Mental Health Care Delivery in Europe (ICare)
  • Evaluation verschiedener internetbasierter Selbsthilfeprogramme (laufende Studien unter www.online-therapy.ch)
  • Validierung der dt. Version der "Fear of Compassion Scales"
  • Selbstmitgefühl im Berufsalltag (iCompassion@work)


  • Psychotherapieoutcome- und -prozessforschung
  • Internetbasierte Interventionen
  • Transdiagnostische Vulnerabilitätsfaktoren
  • Selbstmitgefühl ('Self-Compassion')
  • Einsamkeit


Gehe zu: Forschungsprofile; Zeitschriftenartikel; Buchkapitel


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accepted/in press

Gómez Penedo, J.M., Coyne, A.E., Constantino, M.J., Krieger, T., Hayes, A.M., grosse Holtforth, M. (2020, in press). Theory-specific patient change processes and mechanisms in different cognitive therapies for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Gómez Penedo, J.M., Babl, A., grosse Holtforth, M., Hohagen, F., Krieger, T., Lutz, W., Meyer, B., Moritz, S. Klein, J.P., Berger, T. (2020, in press). The association between the therapeutic alliance and long-term outcome in a guided Internet intervention for depressive symptoms. Journal of Medical Internet Research. DOI:10.2196/15824

Friedl, N., Berger, T., Krieger, T., Caspar, F., & grosse Holtforth, M. (2020, in press). Using the Personalized Advantage Index for individual treatment allocation to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or a CBT with integrated exposure and emotion-focused elements (CBT-EE). Psychotherapy Research. DOI:10.1080/10503307.2019.1664782

Gómez Penedo, J.M.,  Berger, T., grosse Holtforth, M., Krieger, T., Schröder, J., Hohagen, F., Meyer, B., Moritz, S., Klein, J.P. (2020, in press). The Working Alliance Inventory for guided internet interventions (WAI-I). Journal of Clinical Psychology. DOI:10.1002/jclp.22823


Friedl, N., Krieger, T., Chevreul, K., Hazo, J.B., Holtzmann, J., Hoogendoorn, M., Kleiboer, A., Mathiasen, K., Urech, A., Riper, H., Berger, T (2020). Using the Personalized Advantage Index for individual treatment allocation to blended treatment or treatment as usual for depression in secondary care. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(2), 490. DOI:10.3390/jcm9020490

Gómez Penedo, J.M., Babl, A., Krieger, T., Heinonen, E., Flückiger, C., & grosse Holtforth, M. (2020). Interpersonal agency as predictor of the within-patient alliance effects on depression severity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 88(4), 338–349. DOI:10.1037/ccp0000475


Berger, T., Bur, O., & Krieger, T. (2019). Internet-Interventionen in der Psychotherapie. PPmP-Psychotherapie· Psychosomatik· Medizinische Psychologie, 69(09/10), 413-426. DOI:10.1055/a-0963-9055

Berger, T., Bur, O., & Krieger, T. (2019). Internet-Interventionen in der Psychotherapie. PSYCH up2date, 13(5), 435–448. DOI:10.1055/a-0847-9263

grosse Holtforth, M., Krieger, T., Zimmermann, J., Altenstein-Yamanaka, D., Dörig, N., Meisch, L., & Hayes, A. M. (2019). A randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy  for depression with integrated techniques from emotion-focused and exposure therapies. Psychotherapy Research, 29(1), 30–44. DOI:10.1080/10503307.2017.1397796

Halamová, J., Kanovský, M., Gilbert, P., Troop, N. A., Zuroff, D. C., Hermanto, N., Petrocchi, N., Sommers-Spijkerman, M., Kirby, J. N., Shahar, B., Krieger, T., Matos, M., Asano, K., Yu, F., Basran, J., & Kupeli, N. (2019). Multiple group IRT measurement invariance analysis of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen international samples. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 37, 411–444. DOI:10.1007/s10942-019-00319-1

Krieger, T., Reber, F., von Glutz, B., Urech, A., Moser, C. T., Schulz, A., & Berger, T. (2019). An Internet-based compassion-focused intervention for increased self-criticism: A randomized controlled trial. Behavior Therapy, 50(2), 430–445. DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2018.08.003

Krieger, T.*, Urech, A.*, Duss, S., Blätter, L., Schmitt, W., Gast, H., Bassetti, C.**, & Berger, T.** (2019). A randomized controlled trial comparing guided internet-based multi-component treatment and guided sleep restriction treatment to care as usual in insomnia. Sleep Medicine, 62, 43–52. *shared first authorship **shared senior authorship DOI:10.1016/j.sleep.2019.01.045

Urech, A., Krieger, T., Möseneder, L., Biaggi, A., Vincent, A., Poppe, C., Meyer, B., Riper, H., & Berger, T. (2019). A patient post-hoc perspective on advantages and disadvantages of blended cognitive-behavior therapy for depression: A qualitative content analysis. Psychotherapy Research, 29(8), 986–998. DOI:10.1080/10503307.2018.1430910

Vîslă, A., Flückiger, C., Constantino, M., J., Krieger, T., & grosse Holtforth, M. (2019). Patient characteristics and the therapist as predictors of depressed patients’ outcome expectation over time: A multilevel analysis. Psychotherapy Research, 29(5–6), 709–722. DOI:10.1080/10503307.2018.1428379

Weisel, K. K., Zarski, A.-C., Berger, T., Krieger, T., Schaub, M., Moser, C. T., Berking, M., Dey, M., Botella, C., Banos, R., Herrero, R., Etchemendy, E., Riper, H., Cuijpers, P., Bolinski, F., Kleiboer A., Göhrlich, D., Beecham, J., Jacobi, C., & Ebert, D. D., (2019). Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of guided and unguided internet- and mobile-based indicated transdiagnostic prevention of depression and anxiety (ICare prevent): A three-armed randomized controlled trial in four European countries. Internet Interventions, 16, 52–64. DOI:10.1016/j.invent.2018.04.002

Wendt, L.P., Wright, A.G.C., Pilkonis, P.A., Nolte, T., Fonagy, P., Montague, P.R., Benecke, C., Krieger, T., & Zimmermann, J. (2019). The latent structure of interpersonal problems: Validity of dimensional, categorical and hybrid models. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 128(8), 823–839. DOI:10.1037/abn0000460


Berger, T., & Krieger, T. (2018). Internet Interventionen: Ein Überblick. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 19, 18–24. DOI:10.1055/a-0592-0282

Berger, T., Krieger, T., Sude, K., Meyer, B., & Maercker, A. (2018). Evaluating an e-mental health program (“deprexis”) as adjunctive treatment tool in psychotherapy for depression: Results of a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 227, 455–462. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.021

Halamová, J., Kanovský, M., Gilbert, P., Troop, N. A., Zuroff, D. C., Hermanto, N., Petrocchi, N., Sommers-Spijkerman, M., Kirby, J. N., Shahar, B., Krieger, T., Matos, M., Asano, K., Yu, F., Basran, J., & Kupeli, N. (2018). The factor structure of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen distinct populations. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(4), 736–751. DOI:10.1007/s10862-018-9675-5

Krieger, T., & Berger, T. (2018). E-Mental Health: Chancen und Herausforderungen. à jour! Psychotherapie-Berufsentwicklung, 7(1), 27–30.

Krieger, T., Klein, J.P., Moritz, S., & Berger, T. (2018). Internet-basierte Interventionen bei Depressionen: Evidenz und Stellenwert in der Praxis. Psychopharmakotherapie, 25, 2–8.

Machmutow, K., grosse Holtforth, M., Krieger, T., & Watzke, B. (2018). Identifying relapse prevention elements during psychological treatment of depression: Development of an observer-based rating instrument. Journal of Affective Disorders, 227, 358–365. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.009

Stolz, T., Schulz, A., Krieger, T., Vincent, A., Urech, A., Moser, C., Westermann, S., & Berger, T. (2018). A mobile app for social anxiety disorder: A three-arm randomized controlled trial comparing mobile and PC-based guided self-help interventions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86(6), 493–504. DOI:10.1037/ccp0000301

Weisel, K. K., Zarski, A.-C., Berger, T., Schaub, M. P., Krieger, T., Moser, C. T., Berking, M., & Ebert, D. D. (2018). Transdiagnostic tailored internet-and mobile-based guided treatment for major depressive disorder and comorbid anxiety: Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 274. DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00274


Altenstein, D., Zimmermann, J., Krieger, T., Doerig, N, & grosse Holtforth, M. (2017). Self-reported interpersonal problems and impact messages as perceived by significant others are differentially associated with the process and outcome of depression therapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(4), 410–423. DOI:10.1037/cou0000221

Berger, T., Urech, A., Krieger, T., Stolz, T., Schulz, A., Vincent, A., Moser, C.T., Moritz, S., & Meyer, B. (2017). Effects of a transdiagnostic unguided Internet intervention ("velibra") for anxiety disorders in primary care: Results of a randomised controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 74(1), 67–80. DOI:10.1017/S0033291716002270

Krieger, T. & Frischknecht, E. (2017). Selbstmitgefühl und Depression: Zusammenhänge und Interventionen. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 4, 36–40. DOI:10.1055/s-0043-118258

Topooco, N., Riper, H., Araya, R., Berking, M., Brunn, M., Chevreul, K., Cieslak, R., Ebert, D., Etchmendy, E., Herrero, R., Kleiboer, A., Krieger, T., García-Palacios, A., Cerga-Pashoja, A., Smoktunowicz, E., Urech, A., Vis, C., & Andersson, G., on behalf of the E-COMPARED consortium (2017). Attitudes towards digital treatment for depression: A European stakeholder survey. Internet Interventions, 8, 1–9 . DOI: 10.1016/j.invent.2017.01.001

Zimmermann, J.*, Mayer, A.*, Leising, D., Krieger, T., Grosse Holtforth, M., & Pretsch, J. (2017). Exploring situational effects in the assessment of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: A latent state-trait theory analysis. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 33(1), 47–54. [* shared first authorship]. DOI:10.1027/1015-5759/a000271 *shared first authorship


Doerig, N., Krieger, T., Altenstein, D., Schlumpf, Y., Spinelli, S., Spati, J., Brakowski, J., Quednow, B. B., Seifritz, E., & grosse Holtforth, M. (2016). High amygdala response to individualized self-critical stimuli attenuates change in psychotherapy for depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 208(2), 175–181. DOI:10.1192/bjp.bp.114.149971

Kishimoto, T., Krieger, T., Berger, T., Qian, M., Chen, H., & Yang, Y. (2016). Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for increased social anxiety symptoms with and without guidance compared to a waiting list in China: A propensity score study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85, 317–319. DOI:10.1159/000446584

Kleiboer, A., Smit, J., Bosmans, J., Ruwaard, J., Andersson, G., Topooco, N., Berger, T., Krieger, T., Botella, C., Baños, R., Chevreul, K., Araya, R., Cerga-Pashoja, A., Cieślak, R., Rogala, A., Vis, C., Draisma, S., van Schaik, A., Kemmeren, L., Ebert, D., Berking, M., Funk, B., Cuijpers, P., & Riper, H. (2016). European comparative effectiveness research on blended depression treatment versus treatment-as-usual (E-COMPARED): Study protocol of a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial in eight European countries. Trials, 17(1), 1–10. DOI:10.1186/s13063-016-1511-1

Krieger, T., Berger, T., & grosse Holtforth, M. (2016). The relationship of self-compassion and depression: Cross-lagged panel analyses in depressed patients after outpatient therapy. Journal of Affective Disorders, 202, 39–45. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2016.05.032

Krieger, T., Martig, D. S., van den Brink, E., & Berger, T. (2016). Working on self-compassion online: A proof of concept and feasibility study. Internet Interventions, 6, 64–70. DOI: 10.1016/j.invent.2016.10.001

Schulz, A., Stolz, T., Vincent, A., Krieger, T., Andersson, G., & Berger, T. (2016). A sorrow shared is a sorrow halved? A three-arm randomized controlled trial comparing internet-based individually versus group-guided self-help treatment for social anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 84, 14–26. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2016.07.001


Brockmeyer, T., Grosse Holtforth, M., Krieger, T., Altenstein, D., Doerig, N., Zimmermann, J., Backenstrass, M., Friederich, H.-C., & Bents, H. (2015). Preliminary evidence for a nexus between rumination, behavioural avoidance, motive satisfaction, and depression. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 22, 232–239. DOI:10.1002/cpp.1885

Krieger, T., Hermann, H., Zimmermann, J., & grosse Holtforth, M. (2015). Associations of self-compassion and global self-esteem with positive and negative affect and stress reactivity in daily life: Findings from a smart phone study. Personality and Individual Differences, 87, 288–292. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.009

Urech, A., Krieger, T., Chesham, A., Mast, F. W., & Berger, T. (2015). Virtual Reality-Based Attention Bias Modification Training for Social Anxiety: A Feasibility and Proof of Concept Study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6(154). DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00154


Grosse Holtforth, M., Altenstein, D., Krieger, T., Flückiger, C., Wright, A.G.C. & Caspar, F. (2014). Interpersonal differentiation within depression diagnosis: Relating interpersonal subgroups to symptom load and the quality of the early therapeutic alliance. Psychotherapy Research, 24(4), 429–41. DOI:10.1080/10503307.2013.829253

Grosse Holtforth, M., & Krieger, T. (2014). Expositionsbasierte kognitive Therapie bei Depressionen. Nervenheilkunde, 33(4), 278–284. (Link)

Krieger T., & Berger, T. (2014). Schreiben bietet Vorteile: Beziehungsaufbau in einer internetbasierten Therapie. Psychoscope, 8-9, 4–7.

Krieger, T., Meyer, B., Sude, K., Urech, A., Maercker, A., & Berger, T. (2014). Evaluating an e-mental health program (“deprexis“) as adjunctive treatment tool in psychotherapy for depression: design of a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 285. DOI:10.1186/s12888-014-0285-9

Krieger, T., Zimmermann, J., Beutel, M. E., Wiltink, J., Schauenburg, H., & Grosse Holtforth, M. (2014). Ein Vergleich verschiedener Kurzversionen des Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) zur Erhebung von Selbstkritik und Abhängigkeit. Diagnostica, 60, 126–139. DOI:10.1026/0012-1924/a000105

Krieger, T., Zimmermann, J., Huffziger, S., Ubl, B., Diener, C., Kuehner, C.*, & Grosse Holtforth, M.* (2014). Measuring depression with a well-being index: Further evidence for the validity of the WHO Well-Being Index (WHO-5) as a measure of the severity of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 156, 240–244. [* shared senior authorship] DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2013.12.015

Pfeiffer, N., Krieger, T., Brockmeyer, T., & Grosse Holtforth, M. (2014). Die Kurzversion der NMR Skala (NMR-SF) zur Erfassung der selbsteingeschätzten Fähigkeit zur Regulation negativer Stimmungen: Überblick und Konstruktvalidierung. Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, medizinische Psychologie, 64(3-4), 108–114. DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1361153

Zimmermann, J., Altenstein, D., Krieger, T., Grosse Holtforth, M., Pretsch, J., Alexopoulos, J., Spitzer, C., Benecke, C., Krueger, R. F., Markon, K. E., & Leising, D. (2014). The structure and correlates of self-reported DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: Findings from two German-speaking samples. Journal of Personality Disorders, 28, 518–540. DOI:10.1521/pedi_2014_28_130

2013 und früher

Altenstein, D., Krieger, T., & Grosse Holtforth, M. (2013). Interpersonal micro-processes predict cognitive-emotional processing and the therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy for depression. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60(3), 445–52. DOI:10.1037/a0032800

Grosse Holtforth, M., Krieger, T., Altenstein, D., & Dörig, N. (2013). Expositionsbasierte kognitive Therapie bei Depressionen als Beispiel assimilativer Therapieintegration. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 14(03), 16–21. DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1353811

Krieger, T., Altenstein, D., Baettig, I., Doerig, N., & Grosse Holtforth, M. (2013). Self-compassion in depression: Associations with depressive symptoms, rumination, and avoidance in depressed outpatients. Behavior Therapy, 44(3), 501–513. DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2013.04.004

Grosse Holtforth, M., Krieger, T., Bochsler, K., & Mauler, B. (2011). The prediction of psychotherapy success by outcome expectations in inpatient psychotherapy. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 80, 321–322. DOI:10.1159/000324171

Trachsel, M., Krieger, T., Gilbert, P., & Grosse Holtforth, M. (2010). Testing a German adaption of the Entrapment Scale and assessing the relation to depression. Depression Research and Therapy, 1–10. DOI:10.1155/2010/501782

Znoj, H., & Krieger, T. (2009). Psychische Folgen nach Krankheit oder Unfall: Nicht nur Belastung, sondern auch persönliche Entwicklung. Zeitschrift für Psychotraumatologie, Psychotherapiewissenschaft, Psychologische Medizin, 7(1), 75–87.



Krieger, T. (2019, in press). Internet-basierte Interventionen zur Förderung von Achtsamkeit und Selbstmitgefühl. In H. Bents, M. Gschwendt & J. Mander. Achtsamkeit und Selbstmitgefühl. Berlin: Springer.

Krieger, T., Hänggli, M., grosse Holtforth, M., & Zimmermann, J. (2018). Personality and Depression. In: V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer.

grosse Holtforth, M. & Krieger, T. (2014). Expositionsbasierte kognitive Therapie bei Depressionen. In T. Teismann & O. Kunz (Hrsg.), Moderne Ansätze in der Depressionsbehandlung (S. 131-158). Heidelberg: DGVT-Verlag.


- Associate Editor:
Trials (2016 – 2018)

- Advisory Editor:
Psychotherapy Research (2019 – current)

- Ad hoc Reviewer:
Assessment; Behavior Therapy; BMC Psychiatry; BMJ Open; Clinical Psychology in Europe; Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy; Cognitive Behaviour Therapy; Comprehensive Psychiatry; Global Mental Health; Internet Interventions; Journal of Affective Disorders; Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry; Journal of Happiness Studies; Journal of Medical Internet Reserach; Journal of Personality Assessment; Mindfulness; Personality and Individual Differences; Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin; Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice; Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics; Psychotherapy Research; Review of General Psychology; Scientific Reports; Self & Identity; Trials
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  • Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF), Schweiz
  • Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw), Niederlande
  • Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF), Österreich
  • Forschungsförderung der Autonomen Provinz Bozen
  • Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Niederlande